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Meaning/Concept of Learning
Learning is natural act of living creature in which each change personality, performance and behavior. It is the process of acquiring new knowledge, skills and values which relatively changes the behavior of individual. In organization, various people with varieties of skills, knowledge and perception need to work jointly. They learn from each other. Managers, supervisors, lower level employees and even organization should learn. Learning is usually a need based activity. Learning is relatively permanent change in human behavior which can be measured. People can learn through formal or informal programs. In organizational behavior, it is taken as vital process as without learning people resist changes in the organization. This means, to make employees ready to change, learning is essential.

In conclusion, learning is a process of acquiring knowledge, skills or technique through experience, practice or instruction. It changes behavior of individual more permanently. Managers in organization, concern regarding the tendency of individual for learning new knowledge and skills so that they can easily accept any changes in organization. It can be planned or unplanned. Productivity, profitability, quality of work life, modified attitude, acceptable behavior, readiness to change, etc. are consequence of learning. Learning ensures that employees behave, react or respond positively and more formally as per expectation.
Significance or importance of learning
Learning has strategic importance in every organization as it directly related to their survival and prosperity. It is not only important to organization, but equally important to individual as it also serves personal growth. For people, learning changes the behavioral orientations such as knowledge, skills, values, personality and competency. In organizational setting, importance of learning can be justified with the following reasons:
Helps to understand and predict human behavior at work
Different roles, skills, and knowledge in the organization are acquired through learning. Managerial skills such as technical, human and conceptual are, however, learned and these skills are paramount for understanding and predicting behaviors of subordinates. Learning is essential to understand how other people behave in organization. This is equally important to middle level and operating level employees.
Helps to manage diversity
Diversity in human resources in terms of their gender, socio-economic background, social and national culture, physical abilities, level of skills and knowledge, etc. The issue of diversity has emerged in political as well as legal concern. Such diversities in people at work place create differences in their needs, attitudes, level of motivation and workplace behaviors. Such diversities are most essential to manage to increase productivity or organization and morale of employee. For this, learning is initiated to the managers and workers through training.
Helps to adapt changing technology

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